Administration - International
An artists impression of the new building for International Headquarters.
Currently IHQ. is temporarily housed at Denmark Hill, London.
With the unfurling of the flag in the United States of America in 1880, and India in 1882 the administration of The Salvation Army entered into a new phase marking the beginning of an 'international headquarters' although the term itself did not come into use officially until 1886.
The first mention of an appointment carrying a degree of responsibility for overseas work, was that of Colonel Alex M Nicol who became the first permanent Secretary for Foreign Affairs in February 1888. In the same year Commissioner Henry Bullard was brought from India to deal with all matters affecting the Army's work in that country.
In 1891, Mrs Commissioner Booth-Tucker (the 'Consul') was compelled to return from India because of serious ill-health and the General became greatly exercised as to how best Commissioner Frederick Booth-Tucker could serve. In May 1891 the General announced the appointment of Commissioner and Mrs Booth-Tucker as jointly and severally 'Commissioners for Foreign Affairs at International Headquarters'. Three years later the commissioner became Secretary for Foreign Affairs and Major Theodore Kitching was appointed Under-Secretary.
The word 'foreign' was eventually outlawed from Salvation Army terminology and was supplanted by the word 'overseas'. It was during the First World War that General Bramwell Booth made the historic statement, ‘Every land is my Fatherland since every land is my Father's land’.
However, the 'Foreign Office' appeared in the Year Book as an independent section of International Headquarters until 1927 when it became known as the 'OVERSEAS DEPARTMENT'.
The division into departments is shown with the appointment of the first international secretaries in 1912. These were:
Commissioner Hugh E Whatmore, International Secretary for European and Asiatic Affairs; Commissioner David C Lamb, International Secretary for Colonies and Immigration Affairs; Commissioner Francis W Pearson, International Secretary for Southern and General Affairs
Although some of these divisions are no longer found, there have been few modifications in the overseas department structure which has remained largely unchanged.
In May 1988 General Burrows set up an organisational review to look at the Army's administrative structure in the United Kingdom.
The administrative review led to:
A new United Kingdom Territory to function on 1 November 1990.
A reorganisation of International Headquarters on 1 February 1991.
The functions of the former 'Overseas Departments' (now Zonal Departments) and 'Central Section' were integrated into the new IHQ structure.
There are now four functional departments
and five zonal departments:
Americas & Caribbean
South Pacific & East Asia
The function of IHQ can be summarized in the IHQ Mission Statement.
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